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2019年成人高考專升本《英語》考點:主謂一致
發布日期:2019/3/14 9:42:53 來源:廣東成考網 閱讀: 【字體:

  1.and的用法

  and連接并列主語時,謂語動詞用復數。例如:

  Both he and I are right.

  Mr. Black and Mrs. Black have a son called Tom.

  但并列主語如果指的是同一人,同一事物或同一概念,謂語動詞用單數,例如:

  His teacher and friend is a beautiful girl.

  The poet and writer has come.

  當連接的是兩個不可分的東西時,謂語動詞用單數,例如:

  Whisky and soda is my favorite drink.

  Bread and butter is my favorite snack.

  由and連接的并列主語中如果有each, every, no修飾時,其謂語動詞要用單數形式。例如:

  Every boy and every girl has a dictionary at hand.

  Each man and each woman has a dancing partner at the party.

  In our country every boy and every girl has the right to receive education.

  2.就近原則:

  not…but…,not only … but also…,either……or,…,neither……nor…,there be…,here…

  以上詞語連接兩個主語時,以離動詞最近的主語形式為準,如:

  Either Mr. Smith or his wife and sons have to face the difficulties.

  There are fourteen chairs and a whiteboard in the meeting room.

  經典試題:

  One or more pages are missing.

  The headmaster or I am going to hand out the papers.

  3.就遠原則:

  with, along with, together with, including, except, but, besides, rather than, instead of

  以上詞語連接兩個主語時,以離動詞遠的主語形式為準,如:

  The library including 5,000 books was burnt down last night.

  The teacher rather than the students was wrong.

  4.集合名詞:

  Family, class, group, team, crew, committee,等

  如以上名詞作主語時,如果指一個整體,謂語動詞就是單數;如果指成員時,謂語動詞用復數,如:

  The class is made up of 40 students.

  5.單獨的動名詞,不定式,從句,時間,金錢,距離,學科,疾病,組織(專有名詞)做主語時,謂語動詞用單數,如;

  Swimming is good for you.

  Fifty dollars is too much for me.

  Father gave me a dictionary as a birthday gift, which makes me excited.

  Physics is really difficult for me to learn.

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