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2019年成人高考專升本《英語》考點:形容詞和副詞
發布日期:2019/3/14 9:47:27 來源:廣東成考網 閱讀: 【字體:

  I.要點

  A.形容詞

  1、形容詞的用法

  形容詞是用來修飾、描繪名詞的,通常在句中作定語、表語或賓補,有時還可作狀語。如:

  He is honest and hardworking.

  I found the book interesting.

  某些形容詞與定冠詞連用表示一類人作主語時,謂語通常用復數形式。如:

  The rich and the poor live in different parts of the city.

  The English like to be with their families.

  多個形容詞作定語修飾名詞的順序:

  冠詞+序數詞+基數詞+性質狀態(描述性)+形狀大小+新舊老少+顏色+國籍+材料+名詞。如:the second five interesting big new red Chinese wall papers.

  2、形容詞比較等級的形式

  (1)規則形式

  一般說來,單音節詞及少數雙音節詞在后加-er;--est來構成比較級和最高級;其他雙音節詞及多音節詞在前加more,most.如:

  great-greater-greatest

  busy-busier-busiest

  important-more important-(the)most important

  (2)不規則形式

  good(well)-better-best

  bad(ill)-worse-worst

  many(much)-more-most

  little-less-least

  (3)形容詞比較等級的用法

  ①表示兩者的比較,用形容詞的比較級+than.如:

  He is cleverer than the other boys.

  This one is more beautiful than that one.

  ②表示兩者以上的比較,用"the+形容詞最高級(+名詞)+of(in)…"如:

  He is the cleverest boy in his class.

  ③表示兩者是同等程度,用"as+形容詞原級+as".如:

  He is as tall as I.

  I have as many books as you.

  ④越…越…

  例如:The more I learn,the happier I am.

  ⑤You can never be too careful.越小心越好

  又如:You can never praise the teacher too highly.

  你怎么贊揚這個老師也不過分。

  ⑥I have never spent a more worrying day.

  那一天是最令我擔心的一天。

  I have never had a better dinner.

  這是我吃過的最好的一頓飯。

  ⑦My English is no better than yours.

  我的英語和你的英語都不怎么樣。

  B.副詞

  1、副詞的種類

  (1)時間副詞如:ago,before,already,just,now,early,late,finally,tomorrow等

  (2)地點副詞如:here,there,near,around,in,out,up,down,back,away,outside等。

  (3)方式副詞如:carefully,angrily,badly,calmly,loudly,quickly,politely,nervously等。

  (4)程度副詞如:almost,nearly,much,greatly,a bit,a little,hardly,so,very等。

  2、副詞比較等級的用法

  其用法與形容詞相似,只是副詞最高級前可省略定冠詞。如:

  Of all the boys he sings(the)most beautifully.

  We must work harder.

  3、某些副詞在用法上的區別

  (1)already,yet,still

  already表示某事物已經發生,主要用于肯定句;yet表示期待某事發生,主要用于否定句和疑問句;still表示某事還在進行,主要用于肯定句和疑問句,有時也可用于否定句。如:

  We've already watched that film.

  I haven't finished my homework yet.

  He still works until late every night.

  (2)too,as well,also,either

  too,as well和also用于肯定句和疑問句,too和as well多用于口語,一般放在句末,而also多用于書面語,一般放在句中與動詞連用。either用于否定句和否定的疑問句,往往放在句末。如:He went there too.

  He didn't go there either.

  I like you as well.

  I also went there.

  (3)hard,hardly

  hardly意為"幾乎"與hard在詞義上完全不同。如:

  I work hard every day.

  I can hardly remember that.

  (4)late,lately

  lately意為"最近、近來",late意為"晚、遲"。如:

  He never comes late.

  Have you been to the museum lately?

  例1 Tom's father thinks he is already ____

  A high enough B tall enough

  C enough high C enough tall

  解析:該題正確答案是B。修飾人高用tall,而建筑物的高用high,并且enough修飾形容詞要放在形容詞后面。因此該題選B。

  例2 ____ the worse I seem to be.

  A When I take more medicine

  B The more medicine I take

  C Taking more of the medicine

  D More medicine taken

  解析:該題正確答案為B。"the+形容詞比較級+…,the+形容詞比較級+…"意為越…,越…。該句意為:吃的藥越多,我的病越是加重。

  例3"I haven't been to London yet".

  "I haven't been there ____".

  A too B also C either D neither

  解析:該題正確答案為C。A和B都用于肯定句中。D-neither本身意為否定"兩者都不",而C-either則用于否定句中,意為"也"。

  例4 Mr Smith was ____ moved at the news.

  A deep B deeply C very deep D quite deeply

  解析:該題正確答案為B。A.deep用于副詞時,修飾具體的深,如dig deep,而B-deeply則修飾表示感情色彩的詞,如該題為deeply moved.另如deeply regret等。而D-quite和deeply均為副詞,不能互相修飾。

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